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The full list of countries that grant children citizenship at birth

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pregnant migrant.JPG
A
pregnant woman from Honduras is seen at a migrant shelter in
Mexico in April 2017.

Carlos
Jasso/Reuters


  • President Donald Trump said he wants to issue an executive
    order ending birthright citizenship in
    the US.
  • Also known as “jus soli”, it’s a policy whereby any child
    born within a country automatically becomes a citizen of that
    nation.
  • More than 30 other countries recognize birthright
    citizenship.

A week before the midterm elections, news broke that
President Donald Trump said
he wanted to issue an executive
order ending birthright citizenship in the US.

Birthright citizenship is a policy whereby a child is granted
citizenship by the country they are born in.

The United States has recognized birthright citizenship, or “jus
soli” as it’s known around the world, since the passing of the
Fourteenth Amendment in 1868.citizen lawsOlivia Reaney/Business Insider


Read more:
Trump’s own Supreme Court
appointees could strike down his attempt to end birthright
citizenship

Critics of birthright citizenship say it encourages immigrants to
come to the country and have so-called “anchor babies.”

In criticizing the policy, Trump told
Axios
that “we’re the only country in the world where a
person comes in and has a baby, and the baby is essentially a
citizen of the United States.”

That’s not true. While birthright citizenship is by far a rare
policy throughout the world, more than 30 other countries
recognize jus soli, and even more adhere to more restricted forms
of birthright citizenship.

Here are the countries that recognize birthright citizenship*:


  1. Antigua and Barbuda

  2. Argentina

  3. Barbados

  4. Belize

  5. Bolivia

  6. Brazil

  7. Canada

  8. Chile

  9. Costa Rica

  10. Cuba

  11. Dominica

  12. Ecuador

  13. El Salvador

  14. Fiji

  15. Grenada

  16. Guatemala

  17. Guyana

  18. Honduras

  19. Jamaica

  20. Lesotho

  21. Mexico

  22. Nicaragua

  23. Pakistan

  24. Panama

  25. Paraguay

  26. Peru

  27. Saint Kits and Nevis

  28. Saint Lucia

  29. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  30. Tanzania

  31. Trinidad and Tobago

  32. Tuvalu
  33. United States

  34. Uruguay

  35. Venezuela

More countries recognize jus soli in some cases

Other countries recognize birthright citizenship in special
circumstances. In some cases, countries will confer citizenship
to orphans or to children with stateless parents. These countries
include:


Guinea-Bissau


Luxembourg

Azerbaijan


Chad

But in the vast majority of countries, citizenship is determined
by descent (also known as “jus sanguinis”). That can mean
something different in each country, but for the most part it
means having at least one parent who is a citizen of that
country.

Some countries, like Poland, require that both parents be
citizens. Countries with patriarchal or matriarchal societies
determine citizenship through the father’s or mother’s
citizenship, respectively. For example, in Andorra, the mother
needs to be a citizen for the child to become a citizen at birth.

In several Muslim countries, such as Bahrain and Iran, the father
needs to be a citizen for the citizenship to transfer, which
creates complexities for children born out of wedlock.

In recent years, several countries have transitioned from
birthright citizenship to jus sanguinis. Those countries include
India and Malta.

*It should be noted that many countries that recognize
birthright citizenship do not apply the rule to the children of
foreign diplomats residing in the country for work.

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