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Jeffrey Epstein was director of Leon Black’s foundation for 10 years



Little is known about ties that Jeffrey Epstein, the financier charged Monday with sex trafficking and conspiracy, has had with the finance world since founding an investment firm in 1981 that has just one known client. But through reviewing years of tax documents, Business Insider uncovered a connection between Epstein and private equity billionaire Leon Black.

More business connections could soon come to light. Thousands of new documents are set to be unsealed in the case against Epstein and a top lawyer representing two of Epstein’s alleged victims told Business Insider that he is looking into Epstein’s broader circle.

Black co-founded Apollo Global Management, the New York-based private equity firm that manages about $250 billion on behalf of groups including public pension funds, endowments, and foundations. The CEO and his wife Debra, a philanthropist and Broadway producer, created a family foundation in 1998. Epstein served as the director of the Debra and Leon Black Family Foundation from at least 2001 through 2012, tax documents searchable on ProPublica’s database show – including for years after he pleaded guilty to prostitution charges in 2008 and registered as a sex offender.

Epstein is the only other person, besides Black and his wife, listed as an officer, director, trustee, or foundation manager during that time period. It’s unclear what Epstein’s role at the foundation was.

Multiple requests to reach the Blacks through Leon Black’s outside advisers, as well as a call placed with the phone number listed for the family foundation, fielded no responses.

David Boies, chairman of law firm Boies, Schiller & Flexner and an attorney for two of Epstein’s alleged victims, told Business Insider that Epstein’s business connections will be subject to more scrutiny. Les Wexner, the founder of the clothing brand The Limited and a high-flyer in the fashion industry, has been, to date, the only publicly identified client of Epstein’s investment firm.

“Exactly who he dealt with in his business ventures and the like is not something that we have insight into, in part because when I deposed him, he took the Fifth Amendment,” said Boies, who questioned Epstein for 40 minutes last year in a deposition where Epstein declined to answer any of Boies’ questions. Boies does not have any active civil cases against Epstein.

There’s no evidence that either the Debra and Leon Black Family Foundation or the Blacks are linked to any wrongdoing. Under Epstein’s tenure, the foundation’s beneficiaries included a variety of nonprofits, including many focused on children in New York, such as charter school network Harlem Village Academies, the Trinity School, and Prep for Prep, a leadership program for minority students.

At least one CEO of the nonprofits that received funding from the foundation said he was unaware of Epstein’s involvement.

For longtime philanthropic adviser Doug White, Epstein’s role as director at the foundation — which based on the tax documents continued while he served time in a Florida jail after pleading guilty to two charges of soliciting a minor for prostitution — raises red flags.

“A foundation, specifically a charity foundation, should not have as one of its directors someone who has pleaded guilty to a sex crime and is officially labeled a sex offender,” White, who overlapped at Dartmouth College with Leon Black, told Business Insider. “Leon in particular should be sensitive to that kind of thing. But he stayed on the board for another four years, which is the most eye-raising thing.”

A foundation director’s role includes overseeing the direction of its charitable activities, White said. A director would also oversee staff, though the Black foundation’s filings do not indicate any employees. For a small foundation like the Black’s, the president — in this case, Leon Black — may have been deciding where funding went, and Epstein could have been acting as a “rubber stamp,” White said. He said that the typical family foundation has three to four meetings a year, where executives read proposals and allocate funds to charities.

“From a governance perspective, it’s shocking,” White said. “After the guilty pleas, Leon Black had no reason to keep him on the board.”

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New charges for Epstein

Epstein was arrested Saturday evening and charged with trafficking dozens of underage girls as young as 14 in the early 2000s, according to a federal indictment unsealed on Monday. He appeared in court and pled not guilty to the charges. The news comes more than a decade after Epstein dodged federal charges in a plea deal that has long drawn scrutiny.

The new charges allege that Epstein systematically molested dozens of underage girls by paying them for “massages” that rapidly devolved into sexual abuse. The alleged abuse occurred in Epstein’s homes in New York City’s Upper East Side and Palm Beach, Florida, between roughly 1999 and 2005.

Epstein has long faced allegations of sexually abusing young girls, and was investigated by the Palm Beach Police Department in 2005. But in 2007, he cut a secret non-prosecution agreement with then-U.S. Attorney Alex Acosta, who is now President Donald Trump’s secretary of labor.

The deal granted Epstein immunity from federal prosecution, and Epstein pleaded guilty only to two state charges: solicitation of prostitution and procurement of minors for prostitution. Epstein ultimately served a 13-month jail sentence, but due to a work arrangement was allowed to leave jail six days a week to work out of his Palm Beach office, according to The New York Times.

On July 3, a New York federal appeals court ordered that up to 2,000 documents related to a previously settled Epstein case be unsealed in coming weeks, raising questions about who in Epstein’s orbit may be implicated.

“There is an enormous amount of information there,” said Boies, the lawyer for Epstein’s alleged victims. “A lot of stuff is going to come out.”

With additional reporting from Michelle Mark.

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